Periodontal care, also known as periodontics, refers to a dentistry specialty which deals with the diagnosis, cure, and prevention of diseases connected to tooth tissues, as well as in their function, maintenance, appearance, and health.
Types of periodontal diseases explained by our dentist in San Joaquin Hills
A minor form of a periodontal illness is gingivitis. This type of periodontal disease causes a redness of the gums, making them bleed easily and become swollen. Gingivitis can be cured by a dentist and through an optimal home oral care. If not cured, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis. As time goes by, under the gum line there can gather and spread plaque. The gums get separated from the teeth, generating certain areas in which infections can develop. If not treated, these areas can grow deeper, creating more damage to the tissue of the gum and the bones. Finally, the teeth can become loose and they would have to be extracted.
Periodontitis Risk Factors
Potential periodontitis risk factors include:
- Smoking: we all know that smoking is bad for our health. However, it also represents the most important risk factor for developing gum illnesses. Moreover, it can lower the chance of a successful treatment.
- Pills: Sometimes, over the counter medicines can reduce the saliva in the oral cavity, which has a protective influence for the mouth. If there is not enough saliva, the oral cavity may easily develop infections like gum illnesses.
- Genetic predispositions: some patients can develop gum diseases more quickly than others.
- Hormonal changes in women: these factors can make the gums more sensitive, which enables the gingivitis to occur more easily.
- Diabetes: patients who suffer from diabetes have a higher risk of getting infections, such as gum illnesses
- Other diseases and their cures: illnesses like AIDS and its cures could have a negative impact on the gum health, too. The same is valid for cancer;
The treatment for a gum disease may be performed by a qualified dentist, a periodontist or a dental hygienist.
- Root planing: it soothes the surfaces of the tooth roots, in order to avoid more buildup of bacteria and tartar. This treatment also eliminates the bacterial byproducts which may cause the inflammation and postpone the healing or reattachment of the gum on the surfaces of the teeth.
- Scaling: it eliminates tartar and bacteria from the tooth surface and from under the gums.
- Antibiotics: topical or oral antibiotics may help to balance the bacterial infections. Sometimes, oral antibiotics are necessary to entirely eliminate the bacteria which has caused the infection.
- Soft tissue grafts
- Bone grafting
- Flap surgery (pocket reduction operation)
- Guided tissue regeneration
In case you need to know more about the periodontal care provided by our dentist in San Joaquin Hills, or to make an appointment, please contact our friendly staff.